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Irpinia has played such an important part in the history of Campania’s viticulture that the Avellino-Rocchetta Sant’Antonio Railroad used to be called "Ferrovia del Vino," or the wine train. Dotted all over with vineyards, the province of Avellino produces such internationally renowned wines as Greco di Tufo, Taurasi, and Fiano di Avellino – all of which enjoy DOCG appellations. The most common, and likely also the oldest white grape in Irpinia is the Greco. It was probably brought from the Greek region of Thessaly by the Pelasgians. Equally common is the Fiano, called Vitis Apiana, or bee vine by the Romans, because its sweetness attracted many bees. The most common red grape, on the other hand is the Aglianico which is used to produce Taurasi wine. Aglianico was brought here by the Greeks at the time of the foundation of Cuma and later spread to most of southern Italy. The same grape can yield very different wines depending on where it is grown and Irpinia offers one of the best habitats for the growth of Aglianico grapes. These three great vines are the root of Irpinia’s three DOCGs, as well as the basis of Irpinia DOC. There are other native varieties that are equally ancient but less well known. The Coda di Volpe, Falanghina, Piedirosso and Sciascinoso are among them, and new vinification techniques have allowed these vines to emerge and compliment the best known array of Irpinia DOC wines, with their own quality products.  

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